Most people who want to do commercial farming opt for hydroponics. The system is beneficial because it eliminates most of the pests and diseases which are found in the soil, which gives the crops a higher possibility of growing successfully. People who are new to this type of gardening will have a hard time dealing with issues such as nutrient deficiency, growth of algae, pests and other pathogens. Understanding how to deal with these three problems helps you have an easy time resolving them.
Dealing with nutrition deficiency
When the nutrient solution is properly balanced, your plants should have all the necessary nutrients to facilitate their growth. The composition of the system changes as it flows through the root system. Most of the time, when plants have a nutrient deficiency, it is potassium, nitrogen or magnesium. However, if you have set up a hydroponic system in a cool environment, you may experience issues with iron deficiency. If you are dealing with a deficiency in calcium, it is possible that the environment is too humid. If you suspect that you could be dealing with a nutrient deficiency, you need to get accurate measurements for the pH and levels of each mineral. You can use this information to restore balance to the system.
Dealing with the growth of algae
The presence of water, nutrients and light stimulates the growth of algae in the system. Algae is a greenish or brownish slimy substance which clings to the channels, gullies and other structures. A small growth of algae in the system does not cause problems; however, when it is extensive, it can lead to a blockage of the drippers, emitters and filters. The best way to deal with excessive growth in algae is to have the entire system cleaned after harvesting and start with a clean system.
Dealing with pests and pathogens
Indoor hydroponic systems also get attacked a lot by pests and pathogens. Gnats, white flies and spider mites. Mold and fungus may also affect the growth of your plants and reduce the yields. It is best to ask an expert in hydroponics about the pesticides, herbicides and other products which will be useful in eliminating the pests.
These are a few of the problems which affect a hydroponic system and possible solutions. The most essential thing is to make sure that you have expert opinion before trying to resolve any of the problems, as this will reduce the chances of worsening the situation.